Tattalin arzikin ƙasa

Kuɗin cikin gida na kowane ɗan ƙasa ba ya da yawa (Yuro 1000 a kowace shekara a cikin 2017).
Rayuwar ɗan Adam ta taɓarɓare, kashi 40 bisa 100 daga shekara ta 1980 zuwa ta 2000.
Tun daga shekara ta 2000, ƙasar ta na ta ci gaba, game da samun girbi mai kyau a wasu shekaru da kuma taimakon ƙasa da ƙasa (sama da kashi 6% a karuwar shekara a cikin 2018 da 2019). Kasar ta kasance matalauciya kuma ana bin ta bashi mai yawa.

Noma

Kashi 90 cikin 100 na al’ummar Nijar suna rayuwa da ayyukan noma. Suna noma hatsi, kayan lambu da suke shanya wasu su bushe. Amma maikon da suke samu ƙalilan ne. a kwarin kwaran Nijar kaɗai ake samun shinkafa. Ana noma gyaɗa daga yankin Doso har zuwa yankin Zandar ; ana noma kaɗa daga yankin Tawa har zuwa yankin Maraɗi. A Nijar damana gajera ce kuma ba ta tafiya bai ɗaya. Hamada tana bunƙasa kuma ƙaura daga garuruwa zuwa birane ko zuwa kurmi sai ci gaba yake. Ƙaruwar albarkatun noma ba ta isa ga al’umma da take ƙaruwa sosai.

Kiwo

Nijar tana sayar da nama a ƙasashen waje. Kiwo yana kawo kashi 15 cikin 100 na arzikin ƙasa. Amma fari lokacin damana yana rage bunƙasar kiwo.

Yawan samun yunwa

A wannan mawuyacin halin, mummunan ruwan sama da lalacewar amfanin gona da fara ke yi a kai a kai, na haifar da ƙarancin abincin mutane da dabbobi a wasu yankuna (Agadez, Tahua, Maradi, Diffa).

Masana’antu

Rage sayen yureniyam, da ragin aiki da ƙarfi nikeliya a Turai da Amerika ya sa ɗayaɗayan masana’antar mai tasowa ta taɓarɓare. Amma an fara haka rijiyoyin mai tun shekarar 2011. Akwai masana’antu kaɗan masu sauya ka ƙunce almaddar farko (kamar cimaka, ƙirgi da fata). Ko kuma sauya wasu kaya da aka sayo daga ƙasashen waje kamar masana’antun yin sabulu da turare, ta yin kayan shaye-shaye, masaƙa da ƙananan ma’aikatun makanike.

Sadarwa

Tun shekara ta 2007, wayar hannu ta sami ci gaba sosai. Yawan shigar azzakari ya riga ya kasance 24.6% a cikin 2010 (0.6% kawai don tsayayyen waya na gidage) kuma ya karu sosai tun tuni.

Taimakon ƙasashen duniya.

Manyan abokan huldar tattalin arzikin a al’adance Faransa da Tarayyar Turai ne, amma alakar tana bunkasa da China da Turkiyya musamman.
Duka ƙoƙarin da ake yi don samo arziki da adana sa yana samun taimako daga ƙasashen duniya. ƙungiyoyi da yawa masu zaman kansu suna da huroje dabam dabam.

Hadin gwiwar tsakanin Afirka

Nijar memba ce a Kungiyar Tattalin Arzikin Afirka da Tattalin Arziki ta Yammacin Afirka (UEMOA) da Kungiyar Tattalin Arzikin Kasashen Afirka ta Yamma (CEDEAO).

Photo d'Alain Roux
Photo d’Alain Roux

Tsafi

Fihirisar IndexMundi https://www.indexmundi.com/fr/niger/